East Asia Group Book Work Due 5/19

Directions: The class will be divided into 4 groups. The members of the group will divided the 4 sections among each other. All questions must be answer by May 19. The group will determine who does what work. You will create a Google Doc to share among the group and with me. Each question/section will have the name of the person who answered it attached. This will count as a quiz grade for those who complete the work and a test grade for those who do not. In other words, if you don't do the work, you will receive a zero for a test grade. 
Section 1- Geographic Setting- pages 323-327 
  1. The Chinese thought they lived at the ____________ of earth
  2. The following physical barriers separated China from other places: ____________ desert, Mongolian and ____________ plateaus and the ____________ mountains
  3. Traders did come to China.  ____________ missionaries carried their religion into China
  4. China is the most populated country in the world.  It is populated by ____________ people and is one of the 6 largest geographic countries in the world too
  5. Most of the people are crowded into the ____________ third of the country.
  6. Why?
  7. Most Chinese are ____________ as their occupation
  8. Mountains and plateaus cover ____________ of China
  9. Many people are ____________ herders
  10. North and South China are called the ____________
  11. The heartland stretches from ____________ to Vietnam
  12. North China produces ____________ and millet
  13. ____________ and Tianjin are manufacturing centers
  14. ____________ is China’s capital too
  15. South China grows ____________, cotton, tea, vegetables, and many other crops
  16. The other four regions are the ____________, Mongolia, Xinjiang and Xizang.
  17. They have many ____________ groups, unlike the rest of China.  They are non heavily populated regions though, so there are very few minorities in China.  These regions are where the minorities live.
  18. The Northeast is also known as ____________
  19. The Manchus conquered ____________ for some time
  20. ____________ lies in the Gobi desert
  21. Xizang is also known as ____________
  22. There are 3 important rivers in China: the Huanh He or ____________ River, the Chang or ____________ River, and the Xi or ____________ River
  23. About 95 percent of Chinese are ____________
  24. Hundreds of languages are spoken, but ____________ is the official language
  25. Discussion question- Would you travel to China?  Why or why not?  If so, what would you do?  Where would you go?
  26. Discussion questions- When you think of China, what do you think of?  Why?
Section 2- Enduring Traditions- pages 327-333 
  1. Yu became the founder of the ____________ dynasty
  2. By 1650 BC rulers set up the ____________ dynasty
  3. The dynasties lasted until ____________, which is more than 3500 years
  4. Shang rulers supervised ____________ and flood control projects
  5. ____________ Di was the chief god
  6. If the gods were pleased they rewarded the people with good ____________ and victory in war.  If the gods were angry, they caused ____________ and famine
  7. Priests used “oracle bones” to consult their ____________
  8. The Chinese developed a system of ____________
  9. They used ideographs or ____________
  10. The Chinese system of writing spread to ____________, Japan and Vietnam
  11. Students had to memorize at least ____________ characters to be literate
  12. Chinese craftworkers improved the art of ____________ making
  13. The ____________ overthrew the Shang
  14. The Chinese believed that heaven granted a ruler the right to rule.  This was called “the ____________ of heaven”
  15. The people owed the ruler complete loyalty and obedience, but the people had the right to expect ____________ government
  16. The people had the right to overthrow a bad ruler.  ____________, floods and famine were signs that a ruler had lost the mandate of heaven.
  17. ____________ is China’s best known philosopher
  18. Confucius taught that 5 ____________ must govern society
  19. Confucianism influenced the cultures of ChinaKorea, ____________ and Vietnam
  20. The philosopher ____________ founded Daoism (Taoism)
  21. Daoists believe that the best way to live is the ____________ way
  22. Daoists believed that the best government  had the fewest ____________
  23. They made advances in science and technology because of their study of nature.  Daoists invented the magnetic ____________
  24. Han Feizi rejected Confucius’ ideas and established ____________
  25. Legalism  believed that people acted out of self-interest and they would respond to rewards and punishments, not good examples.  Legalists imposed harsh ____________ on society to ensure order
  26. ____________ blended with Confucianism and Daoism in many areas of China
  27. Discussion question- What is your opinion of dynasties or ruling families?
  28. Discussion question- What is your opinion of Chinese traditional beliefs?
Section 3- Patterns of Life- 333-337 
  1. Chinese peasants always thought that “heaven is high and the ____________ is far away”
  2. Confucius said that a person’s age, ____________, education and ____________ affected their place in society.  Chinese society was not equal!
  3. The Gentry or wealthy landowners looked down on those who did ____________ labor
  4. They grew their ____________ long
  5. They collected ____________, kept the peace and advised the emperor
  6. The vast majority of the people were ____________
  7. Peasants lived in ____________ surrounded by farmland
  8. Artisans and ____________ played an important role in Chinese society
  9. Artisans, merchants and peasants could move up in society.  The families tried to ____________ their children so that some day they could be a government official
  10. The oldest ____________ had the authority in the joint family or extended family
  11. Chinese had much respect for their ____________
  12. Many ____________ did not understand this practice
  13. Marriages were always ____________
  14. The groom would pay the bride’s family a ____________
  15. The Chinese believed that women should have small ____________ so they practiced foot binding.  It was very painful but they feared that if they had large feet, they would not please a husband.
  16. Discussion question- What does the importance of education and their reasons for it in Chinese society explain to us?
  17. Discussion question- What is your opinion of the dowry and how it is done?
  18. Discussion question- What is your opinion of the aspects of Chinese culture you learned about?
Section 4- Powerful Empires- 337-343 
  1. ________________________ spent 11 years in China in the 1200’s
  2. Marco Polo reported that the Chinese used ____________ money and bathed frequently
  3. The Qin conquered the Zhou.  Shi Huangdi was known as the “first ____________”
  4. Shi Huangdi was ____________ and set up the foundation for Chinese rule that would exist until 1911.  he banned all books that weren’t Legalist
  5. He had the Great ____________ built using slave labor to defend China from foreign invaders
  6. The Great Wall extends ____________ miles from East to West
  7. South of the wall lived “civilized” people.  The Chinese believed that outsiders were “____________”
  8. The ____________ dynasty ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD
  9. The Han brought back Confucianism and set up a system to choose ____________ officials
  10. To pass the civil service exam, one had to know over ____________ characters
  11. The Han astronomers improved the ____________
  12. Doctors developed ____________
  13. They developed such tools as the wheelbarrow, mill wheel, water clock and ____________ dial
  14. What dynasty ruled from 618 until 907? ____________
  15. What dynasty ruled from 960 until 1279? ____________
  16. The Chinese invented block printing and movable type.  Books were being printed and ____________ was the most popular kind
  17. Genghis Khan of ____________ conquered large areas including China
  18. The Yuan dynasty was set up by Genghis Khan’s grandson, Kublai ____________
  19. Marco Polo visited during the ____________ dynasty
  20. They had roads, sternpost rudders, mechanical clocks, ____________ and printing
  21. The ____________ dynasty ruled from 1368 until 1644
  22. They built a new imperial palace called the Forbidden City in ____________
  23. The ____________ set up the Qing or Ching dynasty which ruled over China (the Ching were not Chinese), Burma, parts of ThailandLaos, parts of Nepal and Vietnam
  24. The Chinese were supposed to not have much contact with ____________
  25. Discussion question- What is your opinion of Chinese accomplishments, inventions and beliefs?

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