• Chapters 22-23

      This unit focuses on the Great Depression, the creation of the New Deal and the government’s involvement in the lives of its citizens focusing on:

      · The election of 1932

      · The public disdain of Hoover

      · The First 100 Days

      · The New Deal

      · Dust Bowl

      · Direct Relief

      · Regulating the Stock Market

      · Reforming the Banking Industry

      · Court Packing

      · Reactions to the New Deal

      Essential Understandings:

      When the economy is bad people blame the president

      · People look to the government to provide aid they cannot get anywhere else

      · When the Congress and the presidency are of the same party, the government can pass a great deal of legislation

      · The New Deal needed to fundamentally change the broken economic structures

      · The New Deal created programs that continue impacting society today

      · The Dust Bowl added to the misery of the Great Depression

      · FDR tried to circumvent the Supreme Court by changing its makeup

      · Republican reaction to the New Deal was not favorable

      Essential Question:

      Why did the public blame Hoover?

      · How did the relationship between government and its citizens change?

      · Why was FDR able to get so much legislation passed?

      · How was the New Deal able to regulate and change the systems that led the Great Depression?

      · Why is Social Security an issue today?

      · How did the Dust Bowl impact the American South West?

      · Why did FDR try to pack the Supreme Court?

      · How did Congress respond?

      · Why was everyone not in favor of the New Deal?

    • Chapter 24

      Chapter 24 examines the lead up to World War II focusing on:

      · The rise of dictators

      · The Treaty of Versailles’ contribution to the conditions in Europe

      · New political and ideological movements in Europe

      · Neutrality Movement in the United States

      · Age of Appeasement

      · Push to get the US more involved

      · The Holocaust

      · Pearl Harbor

      Essential Understandings:

      The suffering of the people leaves openings for power shifts

      · Dictators can fill power vacuums when people are desperate

      · The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany so harshly that they were unable to recover after WWI

      · The Nazis rose to power using the traditional Jewish Scapegoat

      · Once in power the Nazis began to limit the rights of the Jews as a lead up to the Holocaust

      · The League of Nations had many opportunities to stop the aggressive acts and failed

      · Realizing that the world was edging closer to war, Congress moved to keep the US neutral

      · To keep from going to war England and France adopted a policy of appeasement

      · Realizing the war in Europe was going badly, FDR looked for ways to get the US more involved

      · Japan’s attack at Pearl Harbor led to the US getting involved in WWII

      Essential Question:

      How did the Treaty of Versailles create conditions in Germany that led to desperation?

      · How did the Depression in Europe lead to political opportunities?

      · Who were the dictators that rose to fill those power vacuums?

      · Why were the Jewish people the “traditional scapegoat”?

      · How did small changes in laws eventually lead to the Holocaust?

      · Who is guilty of the Holocaust?

      · Why did the League of Nations fail to stop the aggressive acts of Germany, Japan and Italy?

      · Why did England and France appease Germany?

      · Why did the US move to move to ensure Neutrality?

      · Why did FDR move to engage the US in the war?

      · Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?

      · Did FDR allow for the attack on Pearl Harbor as a means to get the US to declare war?

    • Chapter 25

      This unit examines the foreign and domestic involvement of the United States during WWII focusing on:

      · The internment of Japanese-Americans

      · Gearing up for the war

      · The US during the war

      · The aid of minority groups in the US

      · Key battles

      · Conferences

      · Leaders

      · Ending the war

      · The Atomic Bomb


      Essential Understandings:


      · Fear and vulnerability lead to irrational and unconstitutional actions

      · The US was the beneficiary of selfless service from minority groups that they had repressed/oppressed for centuries

      · To fight a multi-front a war a global strategy is necessary

      · Differing leadership styles both political and military had tremendous impact on the war

      · The successful execution of the battle plan resulted in the defeat of Germany and Japan

      · The development of the Atomic Bomb fundamentally changed warfare

      · Not everyone agreed that dropping the Atomic Bomb was necessary

      · War crimes must be punished


      Essential Question:


      · Why did the US intern the Japanese-Americans?

      · Why did those the US oppressed fight for the country that oppressed them?

      · What was the strategy implemented by the Allies and why was it successful?

      · How did the varying leaders’ personalities impact the world during this time?

      · How did the use of propaganda influence our attitudes towards supporting the war and our enemies?

      · What were the major battles and why were they significant?

      · How does the use of the Atomic Bomb change warfare?

      · Was the A-Bomb necessary in ending WWII?

      · How does one determine who is guilty in war?

    • Chapter 26 and 30-1

      This unit examines the development of American foreign policy following WWII focusing on:

      The leaders, foreign and domestic

      · Shaping the post war world

      · The differences between Capitalism, Communism and Socialism

      · The Origins of the Cold War

      · Cold War standoffs Europe, Asia and Middle East

      · The Second Red Scare

      · HUAC and McCarthyism

      · Evolving American foreign policy

      Essential Understandings:

      Different leaders’ biases and beliefs impacted the post war world

      · Different economic and political systems between powerful nations lead to global crises

      · The rivalries between the US and the USSR led to the Cold War

      · The attempt to gain spheres of influences that led to greater tensions and conflicts

      · The fear of Communism spreading to American shores were of great concern to the public

      · Those fears allowed people in power to curtail our First Amendment Rights

      · Only when their power was threatened did the government move on McCarthy

      · To combat the spread of Communism the US developed new foreign policy principles

      Essential Question:

      How do the Allies reshape Germany and Eastern Europe?

      · What are the differences between Capitalism, Communism, and Socialism and why do they matter?

      · What are the origins of the Cold War?

      · Was the Cold War inevitable?

      · How was the attempt to gain Spheres of Influence played out across the globe?

      · How did the nation respond to the threat of spreading Communism?

      · Why was HUAC and McCarthy able to gain so much unchallenged power?

      · Why didn’t the government end HUAC’s unconstitutional actions and what does it say about out governments concern for its citizens?

      · How did the US foreign policy adapt to the post war world?

      · Why did the government respond differently after WWII as opposed to WWI?

    • Chapter 27 and 29-1

      This unit examines the domestic United States following WWII focusing on

      · Election of 1948

      · The GI Bill of Rights

      · Rise of the suburbs

      · Interstate Highway System

      · Television and mass media

      · Beat movement

      · Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement

      · Technology

      Essential Understandings:

      The decisions of the Truman administration impacted the Election of 1948

      · The GI Bill of Rights allowed an easier transition for returning soldiers

      · The creation of the suburbs fundamentally impacted the nation

      · The Interstate Highway System had major impact on the country

      · Television forever changed how Americans perceived and enjoyed entertainment

      · Music evolved into a major marketing endeavor

      · The transistor allowed for radios that teenagers can control

      · Many people conformed to the lifestyles of the 1950s but some rebelled and started the Beat Movement

      · As a result of internal migrations and the Harlem Renaissance the African American community was prepared to take the next step in advancing civil rights

      · The Supreme Court laid the groundwork for challenging segregation through Brown v. Board of Education

      · The Montgomery Bus Boycott allowed for the emergence of the Civil Rights leaders and the organization of the movement

      · New technologies emerged creating the birth of the “Modern Age”

      Essential Question:

      Why did the Dixiecrats run a candidate in the 1948 election?

      · Why was the GI Bill of Rights created and how did it help the returning veterans?

      · How do the suburbs change America?

      · Why was the Interstate so important to the United States?

      · How does Television change the American family and culture?

      · Why did the music industry change in the 50s?

      · What did the transistor do for the music industry?

      · What were the roles people were expected to conform to?

      · Why did some people rebel from conforming to these roles?

      · Why did the Civil Rights movement begin?

      · What were the legal challenges and obstacles to challenging the Civil Rights Movement?

      · How did the early movements create organizations and strategies?

      · How did the new technologies impact life in the 1950s?

    • Chapter 28 and 29 2-3

      This unit examines the escalation of the Cold War in the 1960s the Civil Rights Movement and life in the 1960s focusing on:

      · Election of the 1960

      · New Frontier

      · Bay of Pigs

      · Cuban Missile Crisis

      · The JFK assassination and conspiracy theories surrounding it

      · The Great Society

      · Civil Rights

      · Rise of the non-non violent Civil Rights Movement

      · The Space Race

      · Birth Control Pill

      Essential Understandings:

      The election of 1960 demonstrated the power of Television to impact an election

      · JFKs New Frontier inspired Americans to do more for the country

      · After Castro turned to Communism the CIA attempted to remove him

      · The Cuban Missile Crisis pushed the world to the brink of nuclear war

      · While at the time the explanation of the Warren Commission was accepted in later years people began to question it

      · The Great Society expanded the New Deal and changed America forever

      · The Civil Rights movement expanded and achieved major milestones despite massive opposition

      · As time goes by some people were frustrated with the slow pace of progress of Civil Rights and joined non-non violent civil rights group

      · The Space Race was launched between US and the USSR

      · The Birth Control pill changed the outlook for women across the country

      Essential Question:

      How did television impact the election of 1960?

      · Why were Americans inspired by JFK?

      · Why was Cuba becoming Communist perceived to be such a danger to the United States?

      · How did the US take steps to remove Castro and what impact did it have on world affairs?

      · How did JFK’s handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis reflect his foreign policy attitudes?

      · Why were the conclusions of the Warren Commission questioned in later years?

      · What were the conspiracy theories and what implications might this have for the country?

      · How did the Great Society impact social programs and why did LBJ push so hard for them?

      · How were the accomplishments achieved in the Civil Rights Movement?

      · Why did some people resist the non-violent philosophy

      · How were the Black Panther Party and the Nation of Islam perceived by “White” America?

      · What achievements were made in the Space Race and how was the race perceived?

      · Why was the Birth Control Pill so impactful to the lives of women?

    • Chapter 30

      This unit focuses on the Vietnam War and its implications both here and abroad focusing on:

      · Vietnam before WWII

      · Ho Chi Minh’s influence on Vietnam

      · French attempts to retake Vietnam

      · Domino Theory

      · Age of Advisors

      · Assassinations

      · Gulf of Tonkin Incident and Resolution

      · Limited War Theory

      · Escalation and the Draft

      · US military strategy

      · Tet Offensive

      · Election of 1968

      · Counter Culture and protest movement

      · Election of 1972

      · Vietnamization and expanding the war into Cambodia

      · Kent State Massacre

      · Paris Peace Accords

      · Fall of Saigon

      Essential Understandings:

      Vietnam was under various nation’s control for much of its history

      · The Allied Nations did not treat Vietnam fairly after WWII despite it being one of its allies

      · Vietnam resisted further colonization attempts after WWII

      · The US failed to uphold the Geneva Convention for its own purposes

      · The basis of the US involvement in Vietnam was based on the Domino Theory

      · The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution created the conditions for the prolonged intervention in Vietnam

      · Limited War Theory dictates that we limit out involvement in Vietnam to conventional forces

      · Limited War Theory leads to escalation and the draft

      · The Draft leads to protest movements and great social conflict

      · Television changes American’s perception of the war

      · The Tet Offensive had a profound psychological impact on the United States

      · 1968 was arguably the most tumultuous year in American History

      · The Democratic Primary and Election in 1968 were difficult and divisive

      · Nixon’s changes in strategy were designed to win him re-election and get the US out of the war

      · By 1970 the general public had grown tired of “constant” protesting and wished for a return to normalcy

      · The Paris Peace Accords allowed the US to leave Vietnam having achieved “Peace with honor”

      · The fall of Saigon and its images left the US disillusioned and humbled

      Essential Question:

      Why was Vietnam not treated fairly after WWII by the Allies?

      · What made Ho Chi Minh the leader that he was?

      · Why did the US support French attempts at re-colonization?

      · Why were the Geneva Accords placed on Vietnam?

      · How did the US support for Diem and his cancelling of the elections lead to the Vietnam War?

      · What is the Age of Advisors and how did the US involve itself in Vietnam during this period?

      · How did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution bring the US into the Vietnam conflict?

      · What is Limited War Theory and how does that lead to escalation and a draft?

      · Why did the protest movement emerge and what were they protesting?

      · How did television impact public perception of Vietnam?

      · Why did the Tet Offensive have such massive psychological impact?

      · What made 1968 and the Election of 1968 so different?

      · What were Nixon’s changes to Vietnam military strategy and how were they implemented?

      · What event demonstrated the American’s lack of support of protests?

      · What provision(s) in the Paris Peace Accords allowed the US to leave having achieved “Peace with honor”?

      · Did the fall of Saigon mean the US failed in Vietnam?

      · Why was Vietnam so different from any other conflict the US had been involved in?

    • Chapters 31-32

      This unit examines the politics, foreign policy and domestic issues of the 1970s focusing on:

      · New Federalism

      · Nixon’s Southern Strategy/Election of 1972

      · Foreign Affairs besides Vietnam

      · Watergate

      · First Gas Crisis

      · Various groups’ movements for equality

      · Woodstock/Altmont

      · Carter Presidency

      · Iran Hostage Crisis

      · Environmentalism

      · Social Movements in 70s

      Essential Understandings:

      In general, the primary focus of an elected officials first term is getting re-elected

      · Nixon wanted to capture a stronger percentage of the South and crafted his campaign to address the concern of those voters

      · Nixon was the first president to successfully negotiate with the Soviets without fear of stigma

      · Watergate was a national tragedy/scandal that shattered our faith in government

      · The gas crisis had massive and far reaching impact on the nation

      · With a growing professional class of women there were greater calls for equality

      · Latinos began to organize for greater representation and more equitable treatment from employers

      · Native Americans pressured the government for more equitable treatment

      · The homosexual community began to resist unfair treatment and began a push for equality

      · The Carter Presidency was a difficult time for the US

      · Carter’s commitment to Human Rights was a major step forward for equality

      · The Iran Hostage Crisis proved that our foreign policy decisions can have long term unintended implications and consequences

      · We began to understand the impact we have on the environment which led to some people focusing national attention on it

      · People focus became more self-oriented in the 70s leading to Carter giving the Crisis of Confidence speech

      Essential Question:

      Why was Nixon able to successfully deal with the Soviets without fear of the “Soft on Communism” label?

      · Why was Nixon so concerned about the South in 1972?

      · How did Nixon craft his campaign to appeal to the South?

      · Why was Watergate such a far reaching scandal?

      · How did Nixon create his own problems and were they inevitable?

      · What are the long term implications of Watergate?

      · Why was the nation plunged into a gas crisis?

      · Why was the gas crisis so devastating?

      · What were the long term implications of the gas crisis?

      · Why were women pushing for ERA and why did some oppose it?

      · Why was the 1970s a time when so many groups were pushing for more equitable treatment?

      · How did the Iran Hostage Crisis impact both the nation and the Carter presidency?

      · Why did people focus shift to hedonism in the 70s and how was that displayed in society?

      · Why was the Carter Presidency such a difficult time?